With the acquire-release semantics, we break the sequential consistency. In the acquire-release semantics, synchronization occurs between atomic operations on the same atomic and not between threads.
With atomic data types, you can tailor your program to your needs and optimize it. But now we are in the domain of multithreading experts.
The easiest way to solve the undefined behaviour in the post Ongoing Optimization: Unsynchronized access is, to use a lock.
I described my challenge in the last post. Let's 's start with our process of ongoing optimization. To be sure, I verify my reasoning with CppMem. I once made a big mistake in my presentation at Meeting C++ 2014.
Now it's time to put the theory into practice. The job is relatively easy. A small program should undergo ongoing optimization.
CppMem is an interactive tool for exploring the behavior of small code snippets of the C++ memory model. No, it should have to be in the toolbox of each programmer who deals seriously with the memory model.
The relaxed semantics is the end of the scale. The relaxed semantic is the weakest of all memory models and guarantees that the operations on atomic variables are atomic.
Acquire and release fences guarantee similar synchronization and ordering constraints as atomics with acquire-release semantics. Similar because the differences are in the details.
The key idea of a std::atomic_thread_fence is to establish synchronization and ordering constraints between threads without an atomic operation.
A release operation synchronizes-with an acquire operation on the same atomic variable. So we can easily synchronise threads, if ... . Today's post is about the if.
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